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  haryanainfo.com About Panchkula, Haryana
Panchkula is a planned city in Panchkula district, Haryana, India. It is a satellite city of the Union Territory of Chandigarh. It also shares seamless border with Mohali district in Punjab. The prestigious Chandimandir Cantonment Headquarters of the Indian Army Western Command, is also located in Panchkula city. There are five towns in the Panchkula district, Pinjore, Kalka, Barwala, Panchkula and Raipur Rani. Morni is the only Hill station in Haryana. The estimated population of Panchkula city, in 2006, was 200,000. Panchkula and Mohali (in Punjab) are two satellite cities of Chandigarh. These three cities are collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity.
The origin of the name Panchkula is based on the five irrigation canals (or kuls as they were called, making it Panch Kul of five canals) that take water from the Ghaggar in the uphill section and distribute it from Nada Sahib to Mansa Devi.
Languages
Hindi and English are the main spoken languages in Panchkula.Punjabi is also prevalent.
Physical aspects
Panchkula is surrounded by Himachal Pradesh in the north and east, Punjab and Union Territory of Chandigarh in the west and by Ambala district in the south as well as east. Panchkula district shares its borders with Chandigarh, Mohali, Solan and Ambala districts.

Panchkula district has a sub tropical continental monsoon climate having, hot summers, cool winters, good monsoon rainfall. It has great variation in temperature (-1 C to 43 C). In winter frost sometimes occurs during December and January. The district also receives winter rains from the western disturbance. The rainfall is mostly received in the monsoon. Morni hills constitute the highest point of the district as well as of Haryana. The Ghaggar river is the only perennial river. It is very shallow outside of the monsoons. The Ghaggar river system is now thought to be the original Saraswati river. It now dries up in Rajasthan and does not reach the sea. This is due to geological changes that diverted the Sutlej from Ropar to take another channel. The important rivers/streams of the district are Ghaggar, Sirsa, Kaushalya.

Forest cover

Mughal Gardens in Pinjore in Haryana
The total area of district under forests is 42.54%, which is highest in the state. This is primarily in the hilly section just outside Panchkula city. The district has a favorable climate for the growth of rich and abundant vegetation due to reasonably good rainfall and elevation. Shisham (Dalbergia Sissoo), Kikar (Acacia nilotica) and Mango (Mangifera indica) are the important tree species grown in the plains. Safeda (Eucalyptus hybrid) has been introduced since 1963 in forest areas as well as on private lands. Poplar too has been cultivated in farms. The natural vegetation is mainly of forest growth and its degradation stages. Tropical dry deciduous forests and sub-tropical forests are found here. Pine trees are found in the Morni Hills. Most of the forests in the district are in the Morni-Pinjore belt. This hilly forested tract covers Morni and the edges of Pinjore. That is why, the management of forests in the Panchkula district is vested with the Morni-Pinjore Forest Division.
Particulars Description
Area 816 square kilometres (315 sq mi)
Population (2011) 5,58,890 
Time Zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Density 780 /km2 (2,020 /sq mi)
For More Information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panchkula
 
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